Difficulty: beginner
Estimated Time: 30 minutes


This scenario will get you get familiar with syncwaves and hook phases.


Syncwaves are used in Argo CD to order how manifests are applied to the cluster. Whereas resource hooks breaks up the delivery of these manifests in different phases.

ArgoCD Logo

Argo CD is a declarative, GitOps continuous delivery tool for Kubernetes.

Using a combination of syncwaves and resource hooks, you can control how your application rolls out.

Use case

This is a simple guide that takes you through the following steps:

  • Using Syncwaves to order deployment
  • Exploring Resource Hooks
  • Using Syncwaves and Hooks together

This OpenShift cluster will self-destruct in one hour.

In this scenario, you learned how to order your deployments with syncwaves. Furthermore, you got familiar with how resource hooks work. Finally, you saw how to further refine your deployments by using syncwaves and hooks together.

Continue Learning

You can continue learning more about OpenShift and how to develop applications on the platform by completing other tutorials at https://learn.openshift.com.

For developer-related resources about OpenShift, visit https://developers.redhat.com/products/openshift/getting-started.

Run OpenShift Locally with CodeReady Containers

CodeReady Containers allows you to run a minimal, pre-configured OpenShift 4 cluster on your local machine. The project supports Windows 10, macOS, and Linux. To find out more or download CodeReady Containers, visit https://developers.redhat.com/products/codeready-containers/overview

Compare Hosted, Managed, or On Premises OpenShift

Learn more about the different OpenShift platform variants here: https://www.openshift.com/products

Browse the Documentation

If you want to learn about particular OpenShift concepts in more depth, visit the documentation: https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/latest

Syncwaves and Hooks

Step 1 of 3

Using Syncwaves

Welcome! In this section we will be exploring how to use syncwaves with Argo CD.


A Syncwave is a way to order how Argo CD applies the manifests that are stored in git. All manifests have a wave of zero by default, but you can set these by using the argocd.argoproj.io/sync-wave annotation. Example:

    argocd.argoproj.io/sync-wave: "2"

The wave can also be negative as well.

    argocd.argoproj.io/sync-wave: "-5"

When Argo CD starts a sync action, the manifest get placed in the following order:

  • The Phase that they're in (we'll cover phases in the next section)
  • The wave the resource is annotated in (starting from the lowest value to the highest)
  • By kind (Namspaces first, then services, then deployments, etc ...)
  • By name (ascending order)

Read more about syncwaves on the official documentation site

Exploring Manifests

The manifests that will be deployed have been annotated with the following values:

  • The Namspace with 0 openshift-gitops-examples/apps/welcome-php/overlays/syncwaves/welcome-php-ns.yaml
  • The Deployment with 1 openshift-gitops-examples/apps/welcome-php/base/welcome-php-deployment.yaml
  • The Service with 2 openshift-gitops-examples/apps/welcome-php/base/welcome-php-svc.yaml
  • Finally the Route with 3 openshift-gitops-examples/apps/welcome-php/base/welcome-php-route.yaml

Argo CD will apply the Namespace first (since it's the lowest value), and make sure it returns a "healthy" status before moving on.

Next, the Deployment will be applied. After that reports healthy, Argo CD will apply the Service then the Route.

NOTE Argo CD won't apply the next manifest until the previous reports "healthy".

Deploying The Application

Before we deploy this application, make sure you've opened the Argo CD Web Console.

To get to the Argo CD Web UI; click the Argo CD Web Console tab.

Once you have accepted the self signed certificate, you should be presented with the Argo CD login screen.

ArgoCD Login

You can login with the following

  • Username: admin
  • Password: oc extract secret/openshift-gitops-cluster -n openshift-gitops --to=-

Apply the Argo CD Application manifest to get this application deployed.

oc apply -f ~/resources/openshift-gitops-examples/components/applications/welcome-syncwaves.yaml

This should create the welcome-syncwaves application.


Clicking on this "card" will take you to the application overview page. Clicking on "show hidden resources" should expand the "tree" view.


If you follow along, you'll note that these manfiests get applied in order of their annotated syncwave!

Keep the Argo CD WebUI tab open for the next exercise.